Empire Of Seljuk Turks
In Medieval 11th century, the Seljuk Turks of Asia, created a strong rule in Isfahan and Asia Minor that developed a great culture.
The Seljuk Turks (Selçuklular) were a Turkish tribe from Central Asia. They marched to Persia (1037) and set up a glorious state with Isfahan as their main capital. Renamed by modern historians as the Seljuk Empire of Turks (Turkish: Selçuklu Devleti)
Map Of Great Seljuk Empire
Seljuks gets closer to Byzantine frontiers
The Abbasid Caliph who lives in Baghdat, gave their ruler Tughril, the impressive title “Ruler of the east and west of the world” designating the Seljuk warlord as his temporal deputy and defender.
Alp Arslan (Successor of Tughril) expanded significantly upon Tughril’s territories by seizing Armenia and Georgia (1064). Occupied eastern end of the Byzantine Empire borders. (1068) The war between Seljuks and Byzantine was inevitable from then on.
Rapid Cavalry Units Of Seljuk Turks
Battle Of The Giants: Battle of Manzikert
In 1071 this Seljuk army engaged the legions of the Byzantine ruler Romanos IV Diogenes at Manzikert (Malazgirt) north of Lake Van. Byzantine legions were strong and heavily outnumbering the Seljuk army. However Seljuk ruler Alp Arslan, used strategic tactics , surrounded and defeated Byzantine legions decisively. Seljuks captured Byzanrine Emperor Romanos IV himself. They did not drag him back to capital in victory but release him for a ransom and massive tracts of Byzantine lands.
Battle Of Manzikert 1071
Rise and Fall of Seljuk Empire
Alp Arslan’s decisive victory at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 effectively broken the Byzantine defence to the Turkish invasion of Asia Minor. With no Byzantine force to stop them, the Seljuk armies flooded into Anatolia, taking control of most of Eastern and Central Anatolian lands.
The reigns of Alp Arslan and his successor Malik Shah, were the most glorious years of the Great Seljuks of Persian lands. The death of the Malik Shah marked the decline of Seljuk Turks and by 1192 the dynasty collapsed. The bir pressure from the Crusaders and new Turkish clans caused the Grand Seljuk Empire to collapse.
Army And Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks
Sultanate of Rum in Asia Minor
The remaining Seljuk clans created their new capital at Iconium (Konya) around 1150 and ruled what would be known as the Sultanate of Rum (Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti) The small Seljuk ruling class governed a population that was mostly greek- speaking (Byzantine origins) Christians of Asia Minor, with a large Jewish minority.
Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map
Seljuk Empire to Ottoman Empire
Just as they had overwhelmed the Byzantines two hundred years before, the Seljuk Empire could not resist the most recent wave of nomadic pressure. The Mongols were approaching from the eastern borders. Once strong Turkish Seljuk army was utterly routed at Battle of Kösedağ against the Mongol tribes.
Seljuk Architecture In Istanbul Turkey
Mini vassal city-states were established in Asia Minor after the collapse of Seljuk Empire. Among the new warlord principalities of the 1290s was one based near İznik (Nicaea) on the Byzantine frontier and led by a leader named Osman Bey (Othman Ghazi) grew quickly in strength and size. Osman was about to establish one of the mightiest empires of the world: Ottoman Empire.
Map Of Ottoman Empire
Selçuklu Devleti or Seljuk Empire left a diverse heritage to Turkey.
Seljuk government was tolerant of all races and religions. Many of Churches and synagogues built during their rule in Asia Minor. most of the finest examples of Seljuk architecture, such as mosques, caravansary and palaces can be seen majorly in central and eastern part of Turkey (Anatolia). Erzurum (Theodosiopolis) , Sivas (Caesareia) and Konya (Iconium)
Istanbul Private Tour Specialist