Suleiman The Magnificent Life, Family, TV Series

Sultan Suleiman Life, Family, TV Series

Sultan Suleiman Khan was born in Trebizond (Turkish: Trabzon) in 1494. He was the only son of Selim I. Sultan Selim is also known as Selim The Resolute in Turkish history due to his strong personality and successful commandership. Selim inherited the throne of Ottoman Empire at the age of 42 and doubled the boundaries of Ottoman Empire only in 8 years.

He was a fierce warrior and accomplished commander. He conquered vast lands in the Mesopotamia, Arabic Peninsula and Egypt. He seized the Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem, Alexandria and Cairo. These cities were the most civilized cities of Medieval ages, during the period of the Rise and Spread Of Islam.

Imperial Council Of Topkapı Palace
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Imperial Council

Suleiman Becomes The Sultan Of Ottoman Empire

Şehzade Suleiman (Pronounced as Shahzade which means Prince) was elevated to the throne following the sudden death of Selim I (At the age of 50) caused by Anthrax. He was married to Mahidevran Sultan and had a son, named Şehzade Mustafa.

Young Sultan moved to Topkapı Palace, the royal residence of Ottoman Sultans located in Sultanahmet neighborhood of Istanbul.

Suleiman The Magnificent At Battlefield With Ibrahim Pasha
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Suleiman The Magnificent

Sultan Suleiman And His Wife Roxelana or Hürrem

The Harem of Topkapı Palace was the house of Ottoman royalty. Mahidevran and Suleiman settled to the palace with the infant Mustafa. However there were a lot of other ladies in the Ottoman royal palace. Young and beautiful girls picked from all over the territories of Ottoman Empire that was covering a considerable section of known world in 16th century.

Sultan eventually fell in love with a lady named Roxelana, and married her. The name of Roxelana changed into Hürrem Sultan. She gave a birth to 4 sons and 1 daughter throughout the 25 years of relationship.

Sultan Suleiman And Hurrem Sultan
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Sultan Suleiman And Hurrem Sultan

Sultan Suleimans Children

Apart from the first son, Mustafa, Sultan Suleiman had 4 other sons named: Şehzade Mehmed, Şehzade Selim, Şehzade Bayezid, Şehzade Changir. Yet he had only one daughter: Mihrimah Sultan.

Unfortunate events occured during the late years of Sultan Suleiman’s reign. Execution of Şehzade Mustafa (A black day for Ottoman history) was the result of plots against Şehzade Mustafa. They made Sultan believe his crowned prince betrayed him.

The death of Cihangir from the pain he had been through after his brother Mustafa’s death. The deadly fight for the throne between the Selim and Bayezid resulting with the slaughter of Bayezid. Suleiman had to witness all these things in his lifetime like some kind of curse.

Selim as the only remaining son of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, acceded to the throne after the death of Sultan Suleiman. He was the least capable person to be the Sultan, according to many Turkish people who lived then and now.

Another successful contribution can be experience from this article named Sultan Suleiman Wife Daughter Sisters. This particular write-up lead you to the series of articles about Suleiman that might be useful to help you grip the whole story.

Muhteşem Yüzyıl TV Series
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Muhteşem Yüzyıl TV Series

Sultan Suleiman The Magnificent TV Series

There have been a local TV show related to the life of Sultan Suleiman. The series had been on the Turkish TV channels for about 3 years and became exceedingly successful. The production was exported to various foreign countries including all the former sub-countries of Ottoman Empire. Meaning all around the Eastern Europe, Middle East and Northern Africa. Nowadays it’s being displayed on Brazilian and other Latin American channels as well.

The show is named Magnificent Century Tv series. Commonly known as Sultan Suleiman TV Series Show. A very long term soap opera or drama that lasted for 139 episodes.

Suleymaniye Mosque Of Suleiman
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Suleymaniye Mosque

Sultan Suleiman’s Legacy And Tomb

Suleiman the Magnificent built Süleymaniye Mosque in the center of Istanbul, as his eternal resting place. As traditionally Sultans are buried in the tombs near to their mosque, he and his dear wife Hurrem Sultan lies in the courtyard of Suleymaniye Mosque.

Sultan Suleiman inherited a massive Empire from his father, he went even farther, and enlarged the borders of Ottoman Empire exceedingly. Ottoman Empire reached to its peak point with the rule of Suleiman. Ottoman Empire Map was covering boundless lands on the earth by the death of Suleiman in 1566 at the age of 70. After 46 years of Sultanate, he left the throne to his son Selim I.

Ottoman Heritage Imperial Mosques Of Istanbul
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Mosques Of Istanbul

Ottoman Heritage In Istanbul

Ottoman Empire left a vast heritage in Istanbul city including palaces, mosques, pavillions, monumental fountains and castles. It is definitely recommended to hire a private tour guide during your visit to Istanbul for having a culturally satisfying journey. The author of this blog, Serhat Engul, organize Istanbul Guided Tours that provides tailor made itineraries that could fit to your expectations. You may give it a try to experience a nice adventure in Istanbul old city.

Serhat Engül

Map Of Ottoman Empire With History Facts

Map Of Ottoman Empire History Facts

The article gives you overview about the history of the Ottoman Empire with explanatory maps. If you may be interested in the subjetct: Some other related articles given link by the blue colour. I hope you enjoy it.

Ottoman Empire’s Greatest Achivements

Ottoman Turks founded one of the longest-lasting and mighty Empire of the world following the collapse of Seljuk Turks. Ottoman Empire’s Kings (also known as Sultan) dominated majority of the central world from 15th century to the 19th century.

The heartland of Ottoman Empire was the Asia Minor (also known as Anatolia). The land has a significance due to its position like a bridge. The Asia Minor, however, key point that binds Asian and European continents after all.

Map Of Ottoman Empire At Its Height

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Ottoman Empire At Its Height

Capturing Of Constantinople

Ottoman Empire stood out as a prominent power in Europe and Asia by the time of the seizure of Constantinople in 1453. Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II (The Conqueror) grabbed the great capital of Byzantine Empire and there shortly after proclaimed it as Ottoman State’s new capital.

The local historians take this date as the beginning of the imperial era for Ottomans. It’s evolved from a State into an Empire since the Constantinople was the center of trade routes. Most valuable city of middle ages.

Map of Ottoman Empire Greatest Achivements
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Map Of Ottoman Empire

Domination Of Silk Route

The most important trade routes that are known to history of the human kind, silk and spice roads of the ancient ages. These lands are controlled by Romans, Byzantines and finally the Ottomans. Whoever dominated these lands, became a serious power in the past. The money flooded to the state treasury only until the geographical expedition of Europe’s enlightenment era, following the reform and renaissance.

Ottoman Sultan Greeting People In The Courtyard Of Topkapı Palace
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Ottoman Sultan

Spread Of Ottomans In Eastern Europe

Ottomans made their way deep into the Balkans. They invaded Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, Albania, Croitia. Only until they are stopped by a united European army by the gates of Vienna. Vienna was a hilly city with the fortified defensive walls.

Ottoman artillery were unprepared for this strong walls so they stopped by the gates of Vienna.  They are attacked by the united army and defeated. They regrouped and considered attacking once more, but they minded about the upcoming winter and retreat eventually.

Ottoman Army On The Field With Janisarry Soldiers
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Ottoman Soldiers

Ottoman Empire’s Largest Borders

Ottoman Empire reached to its peak point by the Sultan Suleiman. The period from 1451 to 1566 refers to the greatest time of the Ottomans. Because Sultan Mehmed II elevated to the throne by 1451 and Ottomans reached to their heyday by the 1566 the death of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

Suleiman the Magnificent was the greatest ruler throughout the Ottoman History. He was a great statesman known for his just personality. He is known as the Suleiman the Lawgiver (In the eastern world) because of his regulations about the Turkish law. His legislations are known to entire Middle East, Caucasus and Egypt.

The people of those lands, lived in peace for hundreds of years due to the foundations of Suleiman. Only until the 19th century, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire caused Middle East turned into disorder.

Ottoman People In 19th Century
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Ottoman People

Fall Of The Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire’s long and steady collapse started with the Treaty of Karlowitz (in 1699) and lasted until the Great War of 1914.

The three illustrative maps that are showing the rise of the Ottoman Empire as well as the fall of the Ottoman Empire in a very clear way. For more information you may visit Map Of Ottoman Empire post.

Decline Of The Ottoman Empire On A Map
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Ottoman Empire Map

Ottoman Heritage In Istanbul

Ottoman Empire left a vast heritage in Turkey, especially in its former capital Istanbul. Topkapı Palace, Dolmabahçe Palace, Beylerbeyi Palace and Çırağan Palace are the well-known palaces of Istanbul. Blue Mosque,  Süleymaniye Mosque, Fatih Mosque, New Mosque, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Ortaköy Mosque are the widely-known mosques of Istanbul.

By Serhat Engül

Süleymaniye Mosque Of Sultan Suleiman

Süleymaniye Mosque Of Istanbul

Süleymaniye is more than a mosque, it’s a historical symbol of the Turkish history. The Süleymaniye Mosque unites the two foremost figures of Ottoman History: Sultan Süleyman and Architect Sinan. One representing the best of the local arts and the other utmost power of political strenght.

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Süleymaniye Mosque

Ottoman mosques are usually not just a mosque but complex buildings. Mosques usually have public soup kitchen, asylum, school, turkish bath, tombs, fountain next to them.

Suleimaniye Mosque is one of the finest examples of this system in Turkey. It represents the peak of Ottoman art, power and prosperity.

Architect Sinan

Architect Sinan was a very important figure of Ottoman Empire in 16th century because he was the chief architect of the empire and assigned to most important constructions such as this mosque. He built not only for the Sultan himself, but his daughters, sons, high ranking officers, grand viziers and admirals. Sinan adorned Istanbul and some other cities of Turkey with his great buildings. Still today, he is considered as the best architect of Turkish history.

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Dome Of Suleimaniye Mosque

Sultan Suleiman The Magnificent

The Süleymaniye Mosque is built on one of the hills of historical peninsula and overlooking to grea view of Istanbul and Bosphorus. It was placed on the top of the dominating hill of old city and representing the, greatest ruler of Ottomans: Sultan Suleiman.

Further Reading For Sultan Suleiman The Magnificent

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Süleymaniye Mosque Center

The Mosque is built in 7 years. The construction started in 1550 and lasted until 1557. The architectural features of the building amazes everyone.  The massive dome is 47 meters from the ground and it look like hanged on the sky. This unique dome represents the holiness of God.

Make sure that you do not miss this important sightseeing place when you visit Istanbul. So many people visit Blue Mosque which is more centrally located and do not worry about seeing another mosque but it definitely worth it.

If you visit the Süleymaniye Mosque, don’t forget to give a lunch break in lovely restaurants, located beside the mosque complex. The restaurants are famous for serving Kuru Fasulye (Stewed Beans) this meal is served with rice and pickles. Delicious example of Turkish cuisine. At least 5 out of 10 people would count Kuru Fasulye (Stewed Bean) & Pilav (Rice) as his favorite meal, alongside with the Iskender Kebap.

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Serhat Engül

Sultan Suleiman The Magnificent Of Ottoman Empire

Sultan Suleiman The Magnificent Of Ottoman Empire

Sultan Suleyman ruled the Ottoman Empire for 46 years, from 1520 to 1566. He is granted a long life and at the same time he became the ruler at the age of 25.

He was the 10th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and luckier than most of the previous Sultans since he was the only heir of his predecessor Sultan Selim I. Therefore he was not perished by the power struggle to capture the priceless throne of the extremely rich Ottoman Empire.

The young Ruler immediately displayed himself to be a King of many talents and many titles. His official title is Sultan Suleiman I of Ottomans but he is better known as Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in the Western world and as Kanuni Sultan Süleyman in Turkey and Middle East.

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Greatest Borders of Ottoman Empire

Suleiman created major legislative changes related to society, education, taxation, criminal law. His ground-breaking Codex-Suleiman synthesized Turkish local traditions with Islamic law. His concept of “Justice” fixed the form of the Turkish Empire for centuries after his death as a milestone of the Ottoman Law. That is how he got the hobourable title of Kanuni “Lawgiver” in 600 years of Ottoman History.

His skill as military man tripled the size of his Ottoman Empire. Suleiman personally leaed his legions in conquering the Christian strongholds of Belgrade, Hungary and even Rhodes. He went as far as the gates of Austria in 1529. Turkish fleet patroled Mediterranean Sea and major trade routes under his rule. He used to have brilliant military strategist Abraham Pasha as his Grand Vizier (Like A Prime Minister) and Hayreddin Barbarossa (Red Beard) as admiral of his dreadful fleet.

16th Century is known as Age Of Great Kings

The 16th century is also described as Age of Great Kings. The Tudors: Henry VIII, then Elisabeth I in the England, Ivan the Terrible in the Russia, Francis I in the France, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V were all rulers of the world by the time of Suleiman the Magnificent.

At home, he was a talented poet and skillful goldsmith. He was also a generous patron of arts, textile, woodwork, architecture, calligraphy, painting, tiles. His reign was always mentioned as the golden age of Ottoman Empire.

Genious and productive Ottoman Architect, Mimar Sinan, served to him for long years. Sinan built his great mosque: Süleymaniye as a eternal resting place for Suleiman The Magnificent and his beloved wife Roxelana. Their tombs are located within the courtyard of Suleymaniye Mosque which is located right at the heart of the old  Istanbul.

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Room Of Roxelana In The Topkapı Palace

Rise of Roxelana

Ottoman Sultans never ever married except one or two. Suleiman The Magnificent broke the imperial traditions and rules and married to his concubine Roxelana. She had an Russian origin. Suleiman fell in love with this eye-chatching lady and married her. In nearly 25 years of marriage Sultan Suleiman is believed to had been monogamous.

She was one of strongest women in Ottoman Empire’s history. She gained too much power and influence and involved in the politics of the Ottoman Empire through Suleiman and played an active role in state affairs of the Ottoman Empire. Her rule was the beginning of the Sultanate of Women. A time when the Ottoman ladies became so powerful. They ruled the Empire in the name of their husbands or sons.

muhtesem-yuzyil

Magnificent Century TV Series

Their renowned love story was the subject of TV series in Turkish TV channels. Magnificent Century TV series had been on screen for the last several years and millions of people watched Suleiman’s love story with Roxelana. The show became very succesful in entire Asia and Eastern Europe.

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Suleiman And Roxelana

Sultan Suleiman’s Heritage

At the time of Suleiman’s death, the Ottoman Empire was the world’s most powerful state. Sultan Suleiman’s gathering had brought under the control of the Empire the majority of Middle Eastern Muslim cities, many Balkan provinces, almost entire North Africa. His expansion to the central Europe had given the Ottoman Turks very powerful presence in the European balance of power. He failed only at the gates of Vienna. His army had to retreat at the Siege of Vienna due to some mistakes of his Grand Vizier.

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By Serhat

Istanbul Private Tour Specialist

Empire Of Great Seljuk Turks

Empire Of Seljuk Turks

In Medieval 11th century, the Seljuk Turks of Asia, created a strong rule in Isfahan and Asia Minor that developed a great culture.

The Seljuk Turks (Selçuklular) were a Turkish tribe from Central Asia. They marched to Persia (1037) and set up a glorious state with Isfahan as their main capital. Renamed by modern historians as the Seljuk Empire of Turks (Turkish: Selçuklu Devleti)

Map Of Great Seljuk Empire
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Map Of Great Seljuk Empire

 

Seljuks gets closer to Byzantine frontiers

The Abbasid Caliph who lives in Baghdat, gave their ruler Tughril, the impressive title “Ruler of the east and west of the world” designating the Seljuk warlord as his temporal deputy and defender.

Alp Arslan (Successor of Tughril) expanded significantly upon Tughril’s territories by seizing Armenia and Georgia (1064). Occupied eastern end of the Byzantine Empire borders. (1068) The war between Seljuks and Byzantine was inevitable from then on.

Rapid Cavalry Units Of Seljuk Turks
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Seljuk Cavalry

Battle Of The Giants: Battle of Manzikert

In 1071 this Seljuk army engaged the legions of the Byzantine ruler Romanos IV Diogenes at Manzikert (Malazgirt) north of Lake Van.  Byzantine legions were strong and heavily outnumbering the Seljuk army. However Seljuk ruler Alp Arslan, used strategic tactics , surrounded and defeated Byzantine legions decisively. Seljuks captured Byzanrine Emperor Romanos IV himself. They did not drag him back to capital in victory but release him for a ransom and massive tracts of Byzantine lands.

Battle Of Manzikert 1071

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Rise and Fall of Seljuk Empire

Alp Arslan’s decisive victory at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 effectively broken the Byzantine defence to the Turkish invasion of Asia Minor. With no Byzantine force to stop them, the Seljuk armies flooded into Anatolia, taking control of most of Eastern and Central Anatolian lands.

The reigns of Alp Arslan and his successor Malik Shah, were the most glorious years of the Great Seljuks of Persian lands. The death of the Malik Shah marked the decline of Seljuk Turks and by 1192 the dynasty collapsed. The bir pressure from the Crusaders and new Turkish clans caused the Grand Seljuk Empire to collapse.

Army And Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks
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Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks

Sultanate of Rum in Asia Minor

The remaining Seljuk clans created their new capital at Iconium (Konya) around 1150 and ruled what would be known as the Sultanate of Rum (Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti) The small Seljuk ruling class governed a population that was mostly greek- speaking (Byzantine origins) Christians of Asia Minor, with a large Jewish minority.

Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map
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Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map

Seljuk Empire to Ottoman Empire

Just as they had overwhelmed the Byzantines two hundred years before, the Seljuk Empire could not resist the most recent wave of nomadic pressure. The Mongols were approaching from the eastern borders. Once strong Turkish Seljuk army was utterly routed at Battle of Kösedağ against the Mongol tribes.

Seljuk Architecture In Istanbul Turkey
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An example of Seljuk Architecture in Istanbul.

Mini vassal city-states were established in Asia Minor after the collapse of Seljuk Empire. Among the new warlord principalities of the 1290s was one based near İznik (Nicaea) on the Byzantine frontier and led by a leader named Osman Bey (Othman Ghazi) grew quickly in strength and size. Osman was about to establish one of the mightiest empires of the world: Ottoman Empire.

Map Of Ottoman Empire
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Map Of Ottoman Empire

Selçuklu Devleti or Seljuk Empire left a diverse heritage to Turkey.

Seljuk government was tolerant of all races and religions. Many of Churches and synagogues built during their rule in Asia Minor. most of the finest examples of Seljuk architecture, such as mosques, caravansary and palaces can be seen majorly in central and eastern part of Turkey (Anatolia). Erzurum (Theodosiopolis) , Sivas (Caesareia) and Konya (Iconium)

By Serhat

Istanbul Private Tour Specialist

serhateng@gmail.com