Map Of Ottoman Empire With History Facts

Map Of Ottoman Empire History Facts

The article gives you overview about the history of the Ottoman Empire with explanatory maps. If you may be interested in the subjetct: Some other related articles given link by the blue colour. I hope you enjoy it.

Ottoman Empire’s Greatest Achivements

Ottoman Turks founded one of the longest-lasting and mighty Empire of the world following the collapse of Seljuk Turks. Ottoman Empire’s Kings (also known as Sultan) dominated majority of the central world from 15th century to the 19th century.

The heartland of Ottoman Empire was the Asia Minor (also known as Anatolia). The land has a significance due to its position like a bridge. The Asia Minor, however, key point that binds Asian and European continents after all.

Map Of Ottoman Empire At Its Height

Ottoman Empire At Its Height

Capturing Of Constantinople

Ottoman Empire stood out as a prominent power in Europe and Asia by the time of the seizure of Constantinople in 1453. Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II (The Conqueror) grabbed the great capital of Byzantine Empire and there shortly after proclaimed it as Ottoman State’s new capital.

The local historians take this date as the beginning of the imperial era for Ottomans. It’s evolved from a State into an Empire since the Constantinople was the center of trade routes. Most valuable city of middle ages.

Map of Ottoman Empire Greatest Achivements
Map Of Ottoman Empire

Domination Of Silk Route

The most important trade routes that are known to history of the human kind, silk and spice roads of the ancient ages. These lands are controlled by Romans, Byzantines and finally the Ottomans. Whoever dominated these lands, became a serious power in the past. The money flooded to the state treasury only until the geographical expedition of Europe’s enlightenment era, following the reform and renaissance.

Ottoman Sultan Greeting People In The Courtyard Of Topkapı Palace
Ottoman Sultan

Spread Of Ottomans In Eastern Europe

Ottomans made their way deep into the Balkans. They invaded Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Bosnia, Albania, Croitia. Only until they are stopped by a united European army by the gates of Vienna. Vienna was a hilly city with the fortified defensive walls.

Ottoman artillery were unprepared for this strong walls so they stopped by the gates of Vienna.  They are attacked by the united army and defeated. They regrouped and considered attacking once more, but they minded about the upcoming winter and retreat eventually.

Ottoman Army On The Field With Janisarry Soldiers
Ottoman Soldiers

Ottoman Empire’s Largest Borders

Ottoman Empire reached to its peak point by the Sultan Suleiman. The period from 1451 to 1566 refers to the greatest time of the Ottomans. Because Sultan Mehmed II elevated to the throne by 1451 and Ottomans reached to their heyday by the 1566 the death of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.

Suleiman the Magnificent was the greatest ruler throughout the Ottoman History. He was a great statesman known for his just personality. He is known as the Suleiman the Lawgiver (In the eastern world) because of his regulations about the Turkish law. His legislations are known to entire Middle East, Caucasus and Egypt.

The people of those lands, lived in peace for hundreds of years due to the foundations of Suleiman. Only until the 19th century, the collapse of the Ottoman Empire caused Middle East turned into disorder.

Ottoman People In 19th Century
Ottoman People

Fall Of The Ottoman Empire

Ottoman Empire’s long and steady collapse started with the Treaty of Karlowitz (in 1699) and lasted until the Great War of 1914.

The three illustrative maps that are showing the rise of the Ottoman Empire as well as the fall of the Ottoman Empire in a very clear way. For more information you may visit Map Of Ottoman Empire post.

Decline Of The Ottoman Empire On A Map
Ottoman Empire Map

Ottoman Heritage In Istanbul

Ottoman Empire left a vast heritage in Turkey, especially in its former capital Istanbul. Topkapı Palace, Dolmabahçe Palace, Beylerbeyi Palace and Çırağan Palace are the well-known palaces of Istanbul. Blue Mosque,  Süleymaniye Mosque, Fatih Mosque, New Mosque, Rüstem Pasha Mosque, Ortaköy Mosque are the widely-known mosques of Istanbul.

By Serhat Engül

Empire Of Great Seljuk Turks

Empire Of Seljuk Turks

In Medieval 11th century, the Seljuk Turks of Asia, created a strong rule in Isfahan and Asia Minor that developed a great culture.

The Seljuk Turks (Selçuklular) were a Turkish tribe from Central Asia. They marched to Persia (1037) and set up a glorious state with Isfahan as their main capital. Renamed by modern historians as the Seljuk Empire of Turks (Turkish: Selçuklu Devleti)

Map Of Great Seljuk Empire
Map Of Great Seljuk Empire


Seljuks gets closer to Byzantine frontiers

The Abbasid Caliph who lives in Baghdat, gave their ruler Tughril, the impressive title “Ruler of the east and west of the world” designating the Seljuk warlord as his temporal deputy and defender.

Alp Arslan (Successor of Tughril) expanded significantly upon Tughril’s territories by seizing Armenia and Georgia (1064). Occupied eastern end of the Byzantine Empire borders. (1068) The war between Seljuks and Byzantine was inevitable from then on.

Rapid Cavalry Units Of Seljuk Turks
Seljuk Cavalry

Battle Of The Giants: Battle of Manzikert

In 1071 this Seljuk army engaged the legions of the Byzantine ruler Romanos IV Diogenes at Manzikert (Malazgirt) north of Lake Van.  Byzantine legions were strong and heavily outnumbering the Seljuk army. However Seljuk ruler Alp Arslan, used strategic tactics , surrounded and defeated Byzantine legions decisively. Seljuks captured Byzanrine Emperor Romanos IV himself. They did not drag him back to capital in victory but release him for a ransom and massive tracts of Byzantine lands.

Battle Of Manzikert 1071


Rise and Fall of Seljuk Empire

Alp Arslan’s decisive victory at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 effectively broken the Byzantine defence to the Turkish invasion of Asia Minor. With no Byzantine force to stop them, the Seljuk armies flooded into Anatolia, taking control of most of Eastern and Central Anatolian lands.

The reigns of Alp Arslan and his successor Malik Shah, were the most glorious years of the Great Seljuks of Persian lands. The death of the Malik Shah marked the decline of Seljuk Turks and by 1192 the dynasty collapsed. The bir pressure from the Crusaders and new Turkish clans caused the Grand Seljuk Empire to collapse.

Army And Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks
Soldiers Of Seljuk Turks

Sultanate of Rum in Asia Minor

The remaining Seljuk clans created their new capital at Iconium (Konya) around 1150 and ruled what would be known as the Sultanate of Rum (Anadolu Selçuklu Devleti) The small Seljuk ruling class governed a population that was mostly greek- speaking (Byzantine origins) Christians of Asia Minor, with a large Jewish minority.

Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map
Seljuk Sultante Of Rum Map

Seljuk Empire to Ottoman Empire

Just as they had overwhelmed the Byzantines two hundred years before, the Seljuk Empire could not resist the most recent wave of nomadic pressure. The Mongols were approaching from the eastern borders. Once strong Turkish Seljuk army was utterly routed at Battle of Kösedağ against the Mongol tribes.

Seljuk Architecture In Istanbul Turkey
An example of Seljuk Architecture in Istanbul.

Mini vassal city-states were established in Asia Minor after the collapse of Seljuk Empire. Among the new warlord principalities of the 1290s was one based near İznik (Nicaea) on the Byzantine frontier and led by a leader named Osman Bey (Othman Ghazi) grew quickly in strength and size. Osman was about to establish one of the mightiest empires of the world: Ottoman Empire.

Map Of Ottoman Empire
Map Of Ottoman Empire

Selçuklu Devleti or Seljuk Empire left a diverse heritage to Turkey.

Seljuk government was tolerant of all races and religions. Many of Churches and synagogues built during their rule in Asia Minor. most of the finest examples of Seljuk architecture, such as mosques, caravansary and palaces can be seen majorly in central and eastern part of Turkey (Anatolia). Erzurum (Theodosiopolis) , Sivas (Caesareia) and Konya (Iconium)

By Serhat

Istanbul Private Tour Specialist